Let's start with a very important statement: I believe that Jesus born in year 0000 is a myth.
Accordingly to the Rabbinic historical sources, the Temple of Solomon would have been built in 832 BCE and its destruction would have occurred 410 later, in 422 BCE. Other secular sources date the construction in 957 BCE and the destruction of the first temple in 586 BCE. This is the date that we will retain in the chronology of Christianity.
The temple of Solomon was dedicated to Yahweh and was the home of the sacred artifacts. Some of them are related to Moses and to the exile from Egypt such the Ark of the Covenant, the staff of Moses, the rod of Aaron, the Tablets of stone, and a bowl with the secret manna food. Some others are related to the Ancient Hebraic tradition such the Urim and Thummim, the Holy oil, the Torah, the two columns of Boaz and Jachin, the Molten Sea and the Brasen Altar, "a place of slaughter or sacrifice". "The first altar recorded in the Hebrew Bible is that erected by Noah (Genesis 8:20). Altars were erected by Abraham (Genesis 12:7; 13:4; 22:9), by Isaac (Genesis 26:25), by Jacob (33:20; 35:1-3), and by Moses (Exodus 17:15, Adonai-nissi)." The tradition of sacrifice started during the exodus from Egypt and it became a ritual inside the walls of the temple.
The first temple has been destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar II, the king of Babylon. The Jews were exiled to Babylon in 586 BCE and after the accession of Cyrus the Great on the throne of Persian in 559 BCE, he decreed the return of the Jewish people to Israel in 516 BCE. "In the first year of King Cyrus of Persia, in order that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the Lord stirred up the spirit of King Cyrus of Persia so that he sent a herald throughout all his kingdom, and also in a written edict declared: “Thus says King Cyrus of Persia: The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem in Judah. Any of those among you who are of his people—may their God be with them!—are now permitted to go up to Jerusalem in Judah, and rebuild the house of the Lord, the God of Israel—he is the God who is in Jerusalem; and let all survivors, in whatever place they reside, be assisted by the people of their place with silver and gold, with goods and with animals, besides freewill offerings for the house of God in Jerusalem.”
The reconstruction of the second temple has lasted from 516 BCE to 70 CE. The Christian myth of Jesus took place during this course of 586 years. In 66 CE the Roman army started to confront the High Priests what brought to the destruction of the temple and the city of Jerusalem in 70 CE. At this time, the Roman Empire could not rule over Egypt without the control of Judea. That's when historians, scholars and hagiographers both of Jewish and Roman cultures started to rewrite the Testament of the Jew Bible to rewrite the rules under Roman kinship. Accordingly to the Roman Empire, the sons of Abraham were given a new king, the kingship with David was lost with the temple. The Roman asked the Hebrews to pledge allegiance to a new king who had died and who resurrected inside the Church. The Roman believed that given a new High Priest who would have reached eternity into God, the Hebrew culture and religion would have converted into the new Roman dominium. A dominium motivated by power and the geography of power.
During the course of the events that caused the destruction of the second temple, the Roman were polytheists. They had an anthropomorphic cosmogony and were relating their gods to only themselves, their power, their brutality, their hooliganism. The Hebrew people had a different heritage transmitted to them through their kinship with Abraham, but also through the knowledge that is symbolized with Moses, generations and generations of Jews who have lived and grown in Ancient Egypt. The Exodus from Egypt is the birth of Israel, but it is the birth of a new kind of people who were set free. It was the birth of a new kind of government where every people belongs to the family of the king and whose king is by blood everybody's patriarch. They were no slaves any more, they were not governed by anyone's else father, king, prefect or ruler. They were their own people and as servants of the Ancient Kings of Egypt, they were knowledgeable people, craftsmen, scholars, priests, they were skilled. And they had priests to whom they were like a son with his mother, they would have sacrificed themselves.
The pledge of allegiance of the Hebrew people was transmitted with the Apostles creed in which the Jews become Christians and agree to believe in the resurrection of the Christ. This is the translation of the creed in English :
"I believe in God, the Father almighty,
creator of heaven and earth.
I believe in Jesus Christ, God's only Son, our Lord,
who was conceived by the Holy Spirit,
born of the Virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate,
was crucified, died, and was buried;
he descended to the dead.
On the third day he rose again;
he ascended into heaven,
he is seated at the right hand of the Father,
and he will come to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit,
the holy catholic Church,
the communion of saints,
the forgiveness of sins,
the resurrection of the body,
and the life everlasting. Amen."
The first historical record of the Apostles creed was in 390 AD and was largely spread all over France and Spain during the reign of Charlemagne. Few years before the historical record of the Apostles creed, the Emperor Constantine had converted to Christianity who became the foundations of his kingdom in Constantinople.